The Living Force
Laura said:Okay, Kahneman reveals a lot in chapter 13 when he talks about the theories of Cass Sunstein. Remember ole Cass?
A little refresher:
Kahneman describes Sunstein as "one of the foremost legal scholars in the United States, and shares with other leaders of his profession the attribute of intellectual fearlessness."
I would say that Sunstein is a psychopath if he's anything. At the very least, a raging Authoritarian.
It begins at page 141. On page 142, Kahneman exposes himself as at best, abysmally ignorant or, at worst, deliberately writing disinformation. I think it's the former because I can't believe that anybody who has his education and experiences actually believes what he is writing about the media.
On page 144, he writes that "terrorists are the most significant practitioners of the art of inducing availability cascades." What he leaves out is that those "terrorists" are the governments themselves.
He gives small lip-service to NOT agreeing fully with Sunstein, but I think that is totally disingenuous.
Very briefly, I just wanted to state that I have perhaps found further data to support the above bolded statement by Laura. I just finished the complete Yale course Philosophy and The Science of Human Nature : http://oyc.yale.edu/philosophy/phil-181
In regards to utilitarianism and the trolley problems ( for example, see the Sott article relating certain answers to these types of questions to psychopathy - http://www.sott.net/article/235685-Link-Between-Morality-and-Psychopathy-Antisocial-Personality-Traits-Predict-Utilitarian-Responses-to-Moral-Dilemmas ) our attention is taken to Cass Sunstein and a paper he wrote concerning same in 2008.
We have many trolley examples and are led through each one with the class's answers being displayed after each trolley question in a graph by using live clickers for participation. There are several variations of the trolley issue that we are asked to consider. To make a long story short, Sunstein concludes that if a trolley is on its way to kill five people and there is a fat man standing on a bridge heavy enough to stop the trolley, that we as a bystander should push him. He states this is no different than a scenario where we as a bystander could alter the trolley from a path of killing five people to only killing one person by flipping a lever to alter the track. He basically states that people do not see this because of heuristic errors.
Sunstein also co-authored a book called " Nudge" that I have read a decent amount of that references system one ,system two and heuristics and how this knowledge should be used by governments and private firms to help "nudge' people to make "better" decisions.