Very little. You can look at my "Comments on super-restistance of consciousness
" - a piece from my debate with David Chalmers . People are trying to use quantum theory, but quantum theory needs to be understood first.
Here are my thoughts on the subject, taken from the final paragraph from these "Comments":
"... But the question remains: where is consciousness? Let me present brieﬂy my own thoughts on this subject. Consciousness, I think, has something to do with awareness of oneself, one’s own state, and of the external world. Awareness which is open to knowledge. The more aware we are and the more knowledge we have and use, the more conscious we may become. There is another aspect of consciousness, which is our awareness of the passage of time. This problem goes beyond quantum theory. Time, its ‘ﬂow’, together with its mysterious arrow, is, I think, a mystery to be solved if we want to solve the problem of consciousness. But that would lead us far beyond the scope of your talk.
True, this is not much, but it does look like a step in the right direction however. I would like to use some mathematics in this document that I am able to do something with. Only a few fragments, because as far as the rest of the content is concerned, I would have to research a lot to understand it more deeply.
I will refer to mathematics, more or less at the center of my post.
It's really hard to answer that question. First of all, there are many hypotheses and theories that are more philosophical or even mystical than strictly scientific.
When it comes to a strictly scientific approach, it is supposed that certain aspects of consciousness could be described using the methods of quantum mechanics and neurobiology or science, or rather protoscience, which tries to connect them - quantum neurobiology.
The idea of quantum neurobiology is based on the fact that certain structures in biological cells are so small that quantum effects take place there. This applies, for example, to microtubules or individual sections of ion channels. Hence, for example, the study of the flow of ions through ion channels is one of the examples of research in the field of quantum neurobiology. But at the moment there are many questions, but there are almost no answers...
So let us not be afraid to tell it to ourselves, the answer is: NOTHING. We know nothing about Consciousness as such, nothing directly about it. Interestingly, this "nothingness" hides a hint of what Consciousness is, I think...
I have one theory about this, how this can be with this Consciousness and why it is so elusive and indescribable mathematically. Unfortunately, so far these are philosophical considerations, but I would like to share, because maybe someone will find it interesting. Generally, I should have to describe it in details to make it all clear and I'm going to do it sooner or later. However, at the moment when I was considering the structure of the Universe, I generally distinguish three basic forms of It.
This is Being/Order - All there is. Everything that exists.
This is Non-Being/Chaos - Everything that is not there. Everything that doesn't exist.
This is Nothingness
...and what I mean because I distinguish Non-Being from Nothingness. Non-Being can be described eg. as "all that is not." In describing it, we are already giving it some definition, which is not the same as Nothingness. Because Nothingness is something that is completely beyond what we would be able to think, and it is impossible to relate to it directly. And it only takes shape when it enters into a relationship with Non-Being or Being and only then can it be grasped by us and possibly described mathematically, etc. I have hypothesized that Nothingness is the same as... Consciousness.
Nothingness/Consciousness is something we could define as "something that is indefinable, something that escapes any definition, something that can potentially be anything and everything, and something that goes beyond 'being all and being nothing'. Nothingness is something like Being and Non-Being at the same time and everything else what is unprecized and goes beyond that at the same time.
The difference is that I can find what is Non-Being by looking for the opposite to what is Being, while there are things in the Universe that cannot be precisely specified, and they do exist or may exist. They cannot be defined more precisely because they do not have such a definition and interestingly there are two such elements of the Universe, Nothingness and Consciousness. This experimentally prompted me to equate Consciousness and Nothingness.
Let's move on to the situation of Consciousness/Nothingness in its original form, beyond the Creation we are in. Go back to a much earlier phase of Consciousness/Nothingness. In the situation where there is nothing around it and there is no reference to anything. It can only interact with itself through an act of self-awareness
. I hypothesize that this leads to this leads to the collapse of itself
This act of collapsing in itself (act of self-awareness) is mirrored by the interaction of Consciousness with Non-Being.
We can visualize it as a circle with black in the center. The line of the circle are Consciousness and the field in the center is Chaos/Non-Being. This circle tightens on this black field that exists endlessly and, despite constant pressure, does not change its 'size' or anything like that because constantly expand toward down keeping its width.
Visualizing such a relationship between Consciousness and Non-Being is a presentation of the relationship between these two forces resulting from the Consciousness turning towards itself, and thus falling into itself (Consciousness which, as I previously called interchangeably Nothingness, remember it is something not really restricted or defined in any way, from which we can expect anything and everything etc...). The effect of the pressure on this black circle is the production of Information. Which can be visualized as particles that are released in the opposite direction to this circle, originating in, and expressing outer from the line of the circle that symbolizing Consciousness.
So the act of self-awareness performed by the Consciousness allows for the emission of Information. Consciousness starting the process of the release of Information that will later be used to organize it. Information is not yet Being, and is a byproduct of the interaction between Consciousness and Non-Being. So we have Information at the scene. Let focus on the process of obtaining information.
I relate to the formula: "2.1 Example 1 - the qubit" from the Ark's "Comments on super-restistance of consciousness".
The "only one point of the spectrum" would be the simplest, smallest, local meeting point of Consciousness and Non-Being, which can be related to the matrix included in the "Comments...: 2.1 Example 1", where:
variable "a" - would mean the Consiousness itself.
zero ("0") would be equivalent of the Non-Being/Chaos.
If we write down determinant of this matrix, we have: a*a - 0*0
"a*a" - act of self-awareness of the Consciousness, and it is the multiply of the Consciousness by itself (being also a part of the bigger process that is described by the entire formula).
"0*0" - it will be Non-Being powered by Non-Being, Non-Being that expands infinitely into chaos.
So, we have "a*a - 0*0". Putting it together, we have the process that is composite with activity that happens as itself ("a*a"), which always, at the same moment, entails the influence of Non-Being. Only then can the process take place that produces the smallest particle, which we can call "the qubit". This is also the smallest possible form of Information. When we have it, we can go to the next step.
So, now we have: Consciousness, Non-Being and Information. Then go to the "2.2 Example 2 - the qubit and the switch" of the "Comments..."
Then by counting the matrix we have "a*d-0*0".
a - it's Consciousness
d - particle/(s) of Information (that is counted like in the previous example)
0*0 - Still we have expanded Non-Being (Non-Being * Non-Being)
Now Consciousness is multiplied by the Information (a*d), which are "negatively" affected by Non-Being. Multiply of the Consciousness with Information allow anastomosis (close connection) of the Consciousness to the Information and also expansion of the Consciousness because Information is something what come from Consciousness itself, and this we saw in previous example.
Further, to describe the whole process we need to mention the minus effect of Non-Being (this part of the equation "- 0*0"). In order to make a thing to be something what has meaning, we must already have a point of reference that make this meaning, and that point of reference is Non-Being, expanding infinitely (0 * 0).
a*d gives us a "thing", it means that Consciousness which how I assumed previously has it's specific structure that is Being/Non-Being/Nothingness (it is something undefined, but it is) at the same time. This can create an infinite amount of Information, giving it infinitely many shapes, and the next stage is to become it meaningful if you set their "distance" from the Non-Being. To find this "distance" you need to make operation of subtraction "- 0*0".
So if we have the whole formula then we have "a*d - 0*0" Consciousness gives meaning to particular pieces of Information by distinguishing their "location" in relation to Non-Being and further Consciousness can also set it in relation to the other piecies of Information that also subordinate to the center of Non-Being.
In such a case, if we already have Information, then we are left with the last stage, and this is the stage when Consciousness has all the Information at its disposal, and start the process of organizing this Information and develop Being. To do this, Consciousness needs the Creation. And so Creation is what we are in, and we ourselves are divisions of this Consciousness in work.
Finally, a few points:
- As Consciousness itself is not anything precise and fluctuates between Being/Non-Being/Nothingness, it also does not convey any purpose of existence, because it cannot deliver one to Creation, because does not posses by itself. There is no goal as such, but there are Lessons. The Universe is one big school that is about organizing all this Information and learning lessons by it, and as a result our being and at the same time Being of Consciousness grow, what is happening as a natural, and unforced or intended effect.
- Consciousness can create everything into the infinity, this It's hard to say what it is because Consciousness has no limits and second because the Non-Being that frees the whole process itself is infinite. As one can theoretically understand what an ever-expanding Non-Being is, it is so hard to understand what an ever-expanding Information resource can be. Only the continuous organization of this Information resulting in the growth of Being is able to prepare for further Information resources to read them.
- Consciousness in its purest form is permanent, eternal, and is at the root of everything. Individual consciousness can only loss or gain Information, which also results in the loss or grow of being, still being connected to the (main) Consciousness.
- Even though Consciousness is all there is, we can still see clearly that "consciousness is unequal to consciousness." When we perceive other beings, we can distinguish between levels of consciousness, states of consciousness, forms of consciousness, and more and more, they differ from each other and undergo various transformations, development and degradation. This process can be desribed in relation to the time frame, defined as past, present, future and more, by the consious observer. All this suggests that the key here is the existence of time, the flow of which is correlated with the kept forms and states of consciousness, and which we can take as an "objective measure of time".
Okay, Ark, please be lenient with me, I'm not a physicist, but I wanted to relate to "Comments ..." somehow. I know I'm not talking about exactly what's out there, and certainly not in the same way, but it inspired me to think about the thought experiments that I share.